Damascus Governorate (And Headquarter)
Damascus is the capital of Syrian Arab Republic, and one of the earliest inhabited cities in the world, since eleven thousand years ago. According to several historical sources, it’s the oldest city in world, which was inhabited by small groups from different races and ethnic backgrounds, giving Damascus the chance to be distinguished from the rest of the world's cities by its harmonious mixture.
Damascus was renown as a significant commercial city that was the birthplace of several civilizations due to its strategic location since it was the passage of what was called the "Silk Road".
Damascus’ name is referred in many historical remains, that were left by the successive civilizations that inhabited it, such as: Sham, the city of jasmine, the Diamond of the East.
Area and population:
Damascus extends on 105 km2, with about 1.900.000 habitants, according to the last statistic in 2010, it is ranked among the ten largest cities in the Arab world.
Damascus’s importance and landmarks:
The Old City in Damascus is viewed as the cornerstone of Damascene history, and it has a fence that was built during the Greek and Roman periods, which has ten gates: Bab Touma, Bab Al-Jabiya, Bab Kisan, Bab Al-Salam, Bab Al-Faraj, Al-Bab Al-Sharki, Bab Al-Fradis, Bab Al-Saghir, Bab Al-Janiq, Bab Al-Naser.
Damascus contained famous monuments such as: The Castle of Damascus, the Omayyad Mosque, Al-Mariamieh Church, Al-Azem Palace, and a number of traditional markets like Al-Hamidieh, Medhat Pasha, in addition to the Damascene houses with distinctive architectural style.
Since 1979, Damascus was listed in the World Heritage list, and chosen in 2008 the Capital of Arab Culture, and was considered in 2010 the best touristic destination.
Damascus, from where St. Peter started preaching Christianism, was mentioned 59 times in the Holy Bible.
Damascus- Medhat Pasha- Taale Al-Fouda- Al-Mariamieh.
Damascus- Allepo Street Al Jed Building