Al-Sweida is located in South Syria. Its cities and towns are distinguished by their elegant buildings, and by its markets that are rich with miscellaneous local produced goods.
It is known by the names “Jabal Al-Arab” or “Jabal Horan”, also it was called “Swada” in the Nabatean era which means the “little black” since it was built with black volcanic stones.
“Shahba", one of Sweida’s cities, was the birthplace for “Philip the Arab” who then became a Roman emperor.
Area and population:
Al-Sweida extends on 6550 km2 with around 370000 inhabitants, according to the last statistics conducted in 2010.
Al-Sweida’s importance and landmarks:
All along its lands, particularly mountainous ones, are spread thousands of acres of forested lands, and other wooded lands which have plenty of fruitful trees, vineyards and apples.
Al-Sweida is considered a rich governorate by its different industries especially the traditional ones.
Al-Sweida is viewed as a big museum for remains and archeological monuments which return back to thousands of years. The archeological findings refer to the presence of remains from the Bronze Age.
Also, Al-Sweida is abounding with buildings, palaces, temples, theaters, and Roman baths, in addition to irrigation systems which were built by Romans.
Some of its most famous landmarks are: The Roman amphitheater, the Triumphal arches, Al- Shahba Theater- with its upper floor and distinguished arcades-and Al-Shahba museum, plus its Major and Minor Churches. These all had formed a significant touristic and economical worth.
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Al-Sweida, Al-Kanawat street, next to the entrance of the Al-Amer hall, opposite to the Women’s Union Branch.
Tishreen square, Al-Jabal street, inside Al-Hikma center bulding.